Publication Ethics

The Journal is following the (COPE) instructions. 

  • Authorship of the paper: 

-  Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. Transparency about the contributions of authors is encouraged.

-  Authors are strongly advised to ensure the author group, the corresponding author, and the order of authors are all correct at submission.

- Adding and/or deleting authors during the revision stages is generally not permitted, but in some cases may be warranted. Reasons for changes in authorship should be explained in detail. Please note that changes to authorship cannot be made after the acceptance of a manuscript.

 ·  Compliance with Ethical Standards

- To ensure that accepted principles of ethical and professional conduct have been followed, authors should include information regarding sources of funding, potential conflicts of interest (financial or non-financial) and acknowledgment of sources.

- Statements of compliance are required if the work involves chemicals, procedures, or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, or if it involves the use of animal or human subjects.

- Studies on patients or volunteers require ethics committee approval and informed consent, which should be documented in the paper.


Conflict of interest for a given manuscript exists when a participant in the peer review and publication process - author, reviewer, and editor has ties to activities that could inappropriately influence his or her judgment, whether or not judgment is in fact affected. Financial relationships with industry (for example, through employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria expert testimony) either directly or through immediate family, are usually considered to be the most important conflicts of interest. However, conflicts can occur for other reasons, such as personal relationships, academic competition, and intellectual passion.

Authors should be responsible for recognizing and disclosing financial and other conflicts of interest that might bias their work. They should acknowledge in the manuscript all financial support for the work and other financial or personal connections to the work. 

  • Originality and plagiarism: 

-   The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works.

-   If the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.

-   The journal use iThenticate software to screen for plagiarism.

  • Multiple, redundant or concurrent publications: 

-  The manuscript should not be submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration.

-  An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal.

-  Prior publication in the form of an abstract or publication as an academic thesis is allowed.  

  • Data access and retention: 

-   Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review.

 ·   Fundamental errors:

Authors have an obligation to correct mistakes once they discover a significant error in their published article. The author(s) is/are requested to contact the journal and explain in what sense the error is impacting the article. A decision on how to correct the literature will depend on the nature of the error. This may be a correction or retraction.

  •  Article withdrawal and retraction:

If there is a valid concern of misbehavior, the Journal contacts the author(s) concerned under their given e-mail address and gives an opportunity to address the issue. Depending on the situation, this may result in the Journal’s implementation of the following measures, including, but not limited to:

  • If the manuscript is still under consideration, it may be rejected and returned to the author.
  • If the article has already been published online, depending on the nature and severity of the infraction:

- An erratum/correction may be placed with the article

- An expression of concern may be placed with the article

- Or in severe cases retraction of the article may occur. The reason will be given in the published erratum, expression of concern or retraction note.